GST On Online Gaming in India

Govt Hits Jackpot With 28% GST On Online Gaming in India

This article on ‘Govt Hits Jackpot With 28% GST On Online Gaming in India’ was written by Anukriti Prakash an intern at Legal Upanishad.


In recent years, the online gaming sector has grown rapidly, becoming a dominant force in the digital environment. The Goods and Services Tax (GST) has emerged as a critical component as governments strive to regulate this rapidly emerging industry and fulfill its economic potential. The GST, a consumption-based tax on the sale of goods and services, applies to online gaming services.

This article gives an essential overview of how India approaches taxing the online gaming business and customers, as well as the issues governments deal with when developing successful taxation structures. Join us on our quest as we investigate the complexities of GST and its influence on the dynamic and ever-changing world of online gaming.


Online gaming services are classified as “Online Information and Database Access or Retrieval Services” under GST. The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a value-added tax applied to revenue produced by Indian gaming companies. So far, only 18% GST has been levied on the platform fee, commonly known as the Gross Gaming Revenue (GGR) for skill games, but during its 50th meeting on July 11, the council resolved to impose a 28% GST on online gaming, horse racing, and casinos for consumers.

For the companies, the GST rate is determined by the income earned by online gaming firms, which includes the sale of virtual objects, in-game money, and subscriptions. Online gaming corporations must register and comply with GST requirements, or else risk penalties and legal action. GST has had a tremendous influence on the Indian online gaming sector, both for businesses and customers.


Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced on Tuesday that the GST Council has agreed to levy a 28% tax on the entire face value of online gambling, horse racing, and casinos. The panel, which was administered by the Union Finance Minister and included members from all states and union territories, agreed on the tax rate based on the recommendations of a committee of ministers who looked at taxing casinos, horse racing, and internet gambling.

Section 3 of the GST Act will be amended to incorporate online gambling and horse racing as taxable actionable claims. The Centre is expected to present a GST amendment bill on August 11, 2023.


Although the industry is amenable to a 28% GST, experts said that taxing just deposits would not achieve the goal of increasing income in the market. The council might instead consider taxing net deposits, which are accumulative deposits. View of a few experts:

  • In response to the government’s decision to impose a 28% tax rate on the gaming industry, Aaditya Shah, Chief Operating Officer at the gaming app IndiaPlays, highlights the potential negative implications for gaming companies, particularly regarding their financial operations. The increased tax rate could lead to reduced profitability, increased costs for consumers, or adjustments to pricing strategies by gaming platforms. These challenges may affect the overall growth and sustainability of the gaming sector in India.
  • A group of 45 gaming studios took another significant step by writing to the Prime Minister’s Office, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, and the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. In their letter, they sought a clear distinction between video games and real-money gaming. This request highlights the crucial issue of distinguishing between different segments of the gaming industry. 
  • The All-India Gaming Federation (AIGF), which represents prominent gaming companies such as Nazara, GamesKraft, Zupee, and Winzo, has expressed strong opposition to the decision by the council to impose a 28% tax rate on the gaming industry. According to the AIGF, the decision fails to recognize the distinction between online skill gaming and gambling activities, which has been established through over six decades of settled legal jurisprudence. By treating online skill gaming as equivalent to gambling, the industry faces an existential threat, putting the livelihoods of countless individuals at risk.
  • AIGF CEO Roland Landers has voiced concerns that the decision could have severe consequences for the entire Indian gaming industry, leading to significant job losses. He also warns that this move might benefit illegal offshore gaming platforms at the expense of the legitimate Indian gaming industry. 
  • Amrit Kiran Singh, Chief Strategy Advisor to the founders of Gameskraft, further emphasizes that the decision taken by the GST Council is not in the national interest. He asserts that it has the potential to dismantle a substantial portion of successful companies within India’s startup ecosystem, which is a crucial pillar of the country’s economic growth.
  • According to Kumar Shukla, Secretary of the Esports Gaming Federation (EGF), the decision not only leads to loss of employment opportunities but also significantly impacts marquee investors who have heavily invested in this emerging sector. The adverse consequences of the tax rate could potentially affect the financial stability and growth prospects of successful gaming companies operating in India.
  • The statements from industry representatives underscore the seriousness of the concerns raised by the gaming industry regarding the tax rate’s impact. These concerns encompass not only the direct financial implications for companies and investors but also the potential negative effects on the overall entrepreneurial landscape and employment opportunities in the sector.


  1. Policy Review: Policymakers should review the decision to impose a 28% GST on online gaming industry and consider alternative taxation models that promote growth without overburdening companies.
  2. Consultation with Industry: Engage in open and constructive dialogue with industry representatives, gaming companies, and investors to understand their concerns and find a balanced solution that protects their interests.


The imposition of a 28% GST on online gaming industry in India has evoked significant concerns from stakeholders, including industry representatives, executives, and investors. The decision is viewed as potentially detrimental to the sector’s growth, impacting companies’ financial viability, and leading to job losses. Stakeholders stress the need for a clear differentiation between video games and real-money gaming to prevent misclassification and unjust taxation.

Representatives from the gaming industry argue for a balanced approach that recognizes the sector’s uniqueness while encouraging innovation. Policymakers should engage in open communication with the gaming industry to build a long-term taxation structure that promotes growth, protects job opportunities, and contributes to the overall development of India’s gaming ecosystem.